Highlighted results

1,522 South Sudanese people (655 women) gained access to legal aid services

2,200 women, girls, men and boys trained in GBV awareness, prevention and response.

11,060 family farms with improved access to input and/or output markets.

10,000 pilot farms supported (demonstration of new and improved farming technologies).

224,287 people gained access to safe drinking water.


In 2011, South Sudan gained independence from Sudan, marking an end to Africa's longest-running civil war. Two years later, however, violent conflict broke out in South Sudan after political disagreement between the President and his Deputy.

During this reporting period, a peace agreement was signed that ended the civil war, which led to the deaths of almost 400,000 people between 2013 and 2018. The renewed peace agreement offers hope and opportunities but poverty and humanitarian needs remain high. Of the estimated 11 million South Sudanese, more than 7 million people need emergency aid. The civil war has led to more than two million refugees in the region and two million displaced persons within the country.

The Netherlands has always used its voice to support the people of South Sudan. During its membership of the UN Security Council, for example, the Netherlands contributed to resolutions that addressed political as well as social challenges in South Sudan. Developments in South Sudan and the issue of gender-based violence are still on the Security Council’s agenda.

Dutch commitment was shown through its development programmes in the field of security, peacebuilding, rule of law, access to clean water, food and nutrition security, humanitarian aid and climate adaptation. The Netherlands focuses its activities on local initiatives in regions where there is a reasonable and workable degree of stability; so-called hubs of stability.

Results by theme

Water Security and Rule of Law Food security

Featured project South Sudan

Euroconsult Mott MacDonald - Water for Lakes project

The Water for Lakes project is a six-year (2013-2019) initiative of the Dutch government aimed at unlocking the potential of integrated development and management of water and land resources for agriculture prevention and improved health conditions. This was pursued through three main components: water for economic development, safe water and improved sanitation and integrated water resources management.

After operating for five years in challenging security situations, the Water for Lakes project has been able to provide a reasonable benchmark

for sustainable water source management. This includes the training of community-based water management committees, initiating local income generating activities for the operation and maintenance of water points, and developing adequate monitoring systems for local government. This has generated knowledge and a sense of ownership among the targeted local communities.

Through this project, for example, a great deal of knowledge has been generated at the community level and lessons have been learned on how to achieve sustainable water source management with active community participation in fragile environments. In a situation like that in South Sudan, it is not usually the hardware part of water source provision but rather the software component of building the management structure that can lead to results lasting beyond the project period.


The results in context

The most important contribution made by water interventions has been to foster the sustainability of drinking water sources through community involvement.

A total of 633 community water management committees have been trained in maintaining their water points and more than half of these points are functioning effectively. This has resulted in a sustainable supply of safe drinking water to 224,287 people.

There has also been improved sanitation and hygiene uptake among community members. Among the targeted communities of about 20,000 people, 85% report three critical times of hand washing per day, 81% have toilets and hand-washing facilities, and 51% regularly wash their hands with soap. As a result, water-related diseases have been reduced on average by 34%.

Having sustainable water points in the targeted communities has:

enabled women and girls to concentrate on other economic activities, enabled girls to attend schools,reduced the number of rape cases, reduced competition for water points, which often resulted in inter-communal conflict. In addition to safe water supply and sanitation, the Netherlands has also piloted river basin management along the Kinneti basin. Through this intervention, significant capacity has been developed to improve river basin management.

Security and Rule of Law

The results in context

With the support of the Netherlands, conflicts have decreased through the establishment of community action groups, which held peace dialogues within and between communities and with local and national authorities.

Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV) survivors received support in clinics, as well as police and legal aid services. Judicial and security officials have been trained in women’s rights, SGBV and protection. A total of 6,000 women and girls were reached through awareness-raising campaigns and behavioral-change messaging on SGBV, peacebuilding and protection. Men and boys participated in workshops and outreach activities on the same issues.

Through the Dutch Rule of Law programme, the following results were achieved:

65 backlogged court cases were resolved. 598 (515 female) people were served through victim support groups. 1,883 (1,107 female) people were reached through public outreach programmes on justice, dealing with the transition from conflict to peace.1,522 (655 female) people accessed legal aid services. 822 (174 female) SGBV survivors benefited from SGBV-related response mechanisms. 41% of customary courts upheld human rights principles in their judgements.

Food security

The results in context

Through the food security programmes, an estimated 400,000 people have been supported in improving their livelihood, nutrition and income.

More than 11,060 family farms, made up of 77,887 individuals, have profited from active participation in the production of cereals and vegetables for family consumption and for sale. Around 100 members of these families received intensive and season-long training in the field. In addition, 10,000 demonstration farms have been set up to support communities in learning good crop production techniques. As a result, 27,468 hectares of agricultural land has been used in a more eco-friendly manner, producing 1,383 metric tonnes of seeds from 10 metric tonnes of parent seeds.

All programmes aimed for a sustainable increase in the production of food crops, among other things through the development of local actors’ capacity. Consequently, six students supported by the project graduated with a master’s degree in the Seed sector.

With the support of this project, fewer people are food insecure in the areas of Western Equatoria and Central Equatoria.

Background and future South Sudan


The key areas of Dutch intervention are in the three policy pillars of: Security and Rule of Law, Water and Food Security.

The Netherlands supports the strengthening of human rights and justice, in relation to the transition to a peaceful and lawful society. This involves the physical and legal protection of people and communities, ensuring legal representation, access to justice and empowerment of communities. The programmes work to develop the capacity of justice and law enforcement institutions, and ensure that security providers are subject to civilian oversight. Emphasis is placed on tackling sexual and gender-based violence.

Half of all South Sudanese people have experienced decreasing access to safe drinking water over the past five years. Only 10% of the population has access to improved sanitation facilities, while 61% still practices open defecation. The Netherlands has been providing sustainable safe drinking water sources, improved sanitation services and hygiene education to two regions with a combined population of roughly two million South Sudanese.

The food security situation in South Sudan remains critical with more than 60% of the population facing severe food insecurity. The Netherlands’ focus has been on building the resilience of communities through support for the production of local seeds, access to road infrastructure and finance, and capacity development and job creation.

Glimpse into the future

The Netherlands has developed a ‘hubs of stability’ approach to delivering recovery and resilience interventions in South Sudan. This approach targets the implementation of resilience activities in more stable areas and is part of a wider approach with many donors, called Partnership for Recovery and Resilience (PfRR). Through humanitarian aid and programmes focused on stabilisation, the Netherlands is also active in less stable areas.

The aim is to make South Sudanese people self-reliant as much and as quickly as possible, and in the most cost-effective way. If the peace agreement holds, it should lead to more stability and thus more resilience to all kinds of shocks in this fragile country in the future. The specific focus of future Dutch programmes will be on food security, water, job creation and rule of law, including the prevention of sexual and gender-based violence.

Additional sources

Facebook page

Follow the Embassy of the Netherlands on Facebook

Embassy of South Sudan website

Visit the Embassy the Netherlands website

Results Water

Download PDF with results for Water in South Sudan

Results Security and Rule of Law

Download PDF with results for Security and Rule of Law in South Sudan

Results Food security

Download PDF with results for Food security in South Sudan

Expenditure by channel


Expenditure by theme