In the 2017-2018 period, the Netherlands continued to focus on sectors in which Dutch expertise can add specific value: water, agriculture, and security and rule of law. Dutch know-how in these areas can be used to contribute to the achievement of several SDGs. Within and outside these sectors, the Netherlands also contributed to private sector development and education.
In the 2017-2018 period, Indonesia has managed to maintain growth of around 5%, which is consistent with previous years. Nevertheless, challenges remain in terms of ease of doing business, hampering development through trade and foreign investment. In the Rule of Law sector, the Supreme Court of Indonesia has been taking a leading role in spearheading reforms of the legal system that are essential to improve legal certainty in Indonesia. While this process may take many years, the first milestones are already being realised, such as the new format for rulings. Politically, 2018 saw the start of the election campaign leading to regional elections in June 2018 and regional and national (including presidential) elections in 2019.
The main objective of the TVET pilot programme, launched in early 2018, is to improve vocational education and training in agriculture by delivering competent graduates that match the needs of the labour market. By empowering secondary vocational education schools, students, farmers and industry, the programme contributes to economic development in Indonesia. Starting with two agricultural schools in Java, the ambition is to scale up this pilot programme to 60 or more secondary vocational education schools throughout Indonesia.
The three sanitation programmes (USDP2, SEHATI and SNV/Lampung) have contributed concretely to planning, budgeting for and implementing sanitation and hygiene programmes in their respective programme areas, as well as beyond, through replication. Intensive collaboration with central, municipal and district governments and building their capacity have proven to be an effective approach.
Rule of Law
Co-operation in 2017 continued to contribute to increased access to justice for vulnerable groups, through our programme with LBH APIK, and to improved community policing in Papua, West-Papua and Maluku. In addition, important steps were made through peer-to-peer collaboration between several legal institutions in the Netherlands and Indonesia. The Supreme Court, for example, has adopted a new format for rulings (simplifying the decision-making process, allowing the Supreme Court to make more decisions in a shorter time), and is changing the functioning of the chamber system based on advice from the Dutch Supreme Court (de Hoge Raad). These changes will (in the medium to long term) contribute to increased consistency in legal decisions in Indonesia.
Dutch co-operation in strengthening the Vocational Education & Training programme (TVET) was initiated in November 2016 with the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the governments of Indonesia and the Netherlands. This MoU includes incentives for a pilot programme to revitalise TVET in the agricultural sector as a start-up phase and explore opportunities to later extend this co-operation to other sectors.
In light of that memorandum, an agricultural labour market analysis and an identification of capacity needs took place in two pilot schools. This resulted in a concrete project design for a three-year VET programme, co-funded by Indonesia and the Netherlands, focusing on institutional strengthening, curriculum development, teacher training and the development of adequate facilities. The contribution committed by the Netherlands is EUR 372,000, which is 40% of the total budget. The Dutch funding will be part of the Orange Knowledge Programme (OKP), in turn part of the Innocap projects and VegImpact NL.