Since 2017, when Jordan became a so-called focus country for the Dutch government, the Netherlands has stepped up its collaboration with Jordan to help the country cope with several inter-related challenges. The crisis in Syria led to an influx of Syrian refugees, which placed increased pressure on the job market and on facilities such as schools and hospitals. The regional troubles also impacted strongly on the economy, reducing trade opportunities and increasing unemployment (especially among young people). Moreover, Jordan has a general lack of natural resources on which to rely. In this context, support from the international community is necessary to keep Jordan secure and stable. The Netherlands’ programmes in Jordan are wide-ranging and target both refugees and vulnerable host communities. Economic development and especially private sector development is key in the Netherlands’ support to Jordan while ample attention is paid to social protection, education and employment, and the inclusion of vulnerable people. A focus on boosting the private sector and specific interventions to improve on vocational education opportunities create more possibilities for the economy to develop and generate jobs in a number of sectors including agriculture. Food security, water scarcity and climate are also being addressed. Overall, women and youths in Jordan face the toughest challenges and the Netherlands takes their prospects seriously by prioritising these groups in our interventions.
The Netherlands is actively helping to maintain the stability of Jordan by tackling problems such as unemployment. Through its programmes, the Netherlands is stimulating access to education for both refugees and host communities, as well as private sector development with a specific focus on the agricultural sector. In this sector, our programmes are aligned with the environmental challenges Jordan faces through building towards more earning capacity in the agricultural sector, while using less water and less (fossil-based) energy. In the area of human rights, the Netherlands prioritises equal rights for women, freedom of expression and internet freedom, while preventing marginalisation, polarisation and radicalisation.
The expected result of the HAED-Jo project is increased employment of skilled workers in the agricultural sector. In addition, the project aims to enhance the competiveness and earning capacity of farmers, while reducing their use of water.
The ILO project aims to promote the creation of decent agricultural jobs for refugees as well as Jordanians. Apart from being an aim in its own right, this will also contribute to the competiveness of the Jordanian horticultural sector and boost economic growth. The expected results are improved policies at governmental level and improved practices at farm level, leading to better farm working conditions.
Through the NIMD programme, the Netherlands encourages young people to be politically savvy and engage in the existing political system in Jordan. Our expected result is to see a growing young community that is able to express itself and contribute positively to the Jordanian political landscape.