In 2011, South Sudan gained independence from Sudan, marking an end to Africa's longest-running civil war. Two years later, however, violent conflict broke out in South Sudan after political disagreement between the President and his Deputy.
During this reporting period, a peace agreement was signed that ended the civil war, which led to the deaths of almost 400,000 people between 2013 and 2018. The renewed peace agreement offers hope and opportunities but poverty and humanitarian needs remain high. Of the estimated 11 million South Sudanese, more than 7 million people need emergency aid. The civil war has led to more than two million refugees in the region and two million displaced persons within the country.
The Netherlands has always used its voice to support the people of South Sudan. During its membership of the UN Security Council, for example, the Netherlands contributed to resolutions that addressed political as well as social challenges in South Sudan. Developments in South Sudan and the issue of gender-based violence are still on the Security Council’s agenda.
Dutch commitment was shown through its development programmes in the field of security, peacebuilding, rule of law, access to clean water, food and nutrition security, humanitarian aid and climate adaptation. The Netherlands focuses its activities on local initiatives in regions where there is a reasonable and workable degree of stability; so-called hubs of stability.