Highlighted results

The number of youths involved in outreach activities and advocacy on sexual and reproductive health and rights in the Ségou, Mopti, Tombouctou and Gao regions has increased from 435 to 9,481.

1,554 women and 1,347 men received legal advice and assistance from 28 legal clinics in 302 municipalities in the regions of Ségou, Mopti, Tombouctou and Gao.

3,960 youth leaders (50% women, 50% men) moderated a dialogue between the population and local officials in 180 municipalities in the Ségou, Mopti, Tombouctou and Gao regions.

4,784 tons of onion/shallots were produced in the Mopti region: an almost tenfold increase compared to the 2012 baseline of less than 500 tons.

Introduction

The increasing insecurity in the centre of Mali has left its mark. Public and economic life in rural areas has been increasingly disrupted. The retreat of the state has led to more criminality and allowed terrorist and jihadist groups to gain influence. Terrorists and jihadists increasingly use existing grievances, such as conflicts over land, which in turn gives rise to local militias and growing inter-communal violence.

As chair of the international donor group in Mali, the Netherlands led the periodic dialogue with the Malian authorities on security, governance and development issues. This dialogue has led to increased government awareness of the necessity to combine efforts on security and development. It has also resulted in progress in anti-corruption measures, for example the law on asset declaration by civil servants.

Due to the long-standing presence of Dutch implementing partners in the field and their good relations with the population, activities largely continued, even though the security situation worsened in the Netherlands’ focus regions of Ségou, Mopti, Tombouctou and Gao. Dutch development programmes registered tangible results for the Malian people, notably on sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR), for which the results actually exceeded expectations.

Results 2018

The Dutch programmes focus on improving sexual and reproductive health and rights, developing integrated water resources management with attention to food security and private sector development, and strengthening security and rule of law, including local governance.

More specifically, Dutch efforts:

• Strengthened the collaboration between several Dutch-funded projects. More girls and women were informed about their sexual and reproductive health and rights. They also gained greater access to family planning services.

• Made local governments in the centre of Mali more transparent and responsive, in countering sentiments of exclusion and in contributing to local stability. Youth groups ensure that local governments stick to their commitments.

• Improved the livelihoods of a large number of farmers in the Mopti region near the border area with Burkina Faso, which is increasingly being affected by conflicts and instability.

• Identified institutional bottlenecks that delayed results in integrated water resources management. The government has started to address these issues.

Results by theme

Food security Sexual and reproductive health and rights Security and Rule of Law

Featured project Mali

Programme de Gouvernance Locale Redevable

The Local Responsible Governance Project (PGLR) in Mali aims to strengthen democratic institutions in 180 municipalities in the regions of Gao, Tombouctou, Mopti and Ségou.

Three Dutch NGOs (ICCO, Oxfam and SNV) implemented the programme together. Youth leaders are coached on holding their local authorities accountable. They engage with the municipalities and public officials to report on their management of public affairs, such as health, education, vocational training and access to drinking water. In this way, governance is becoming more responsive, transparent and accountable.

Food security

Results

Indicator

Number of family farms whose farming enterprise became more resilient to shocks

Score

68,918

Progress

On track

Since 2012, the three food and nutrition security projects supported by the Netherlands in the Inner Delta of the Niger (Mopti region) have assisted almost 70,000 family farms (around 420,000 people).

The projects develop value chains, for example for marketing rice and horticultural products. They also enhance conflict resolution mechanisms.

Because family incomes have improved, families are more resilient in an increasingly difficult environment. However, insecurity, instability, a fast-growing population and the effects of climate change are making it more difficult to expand these positive results.

Indicator

Production of onions/shallots (ton/year)

Score

4,784 tons

Progress

On track

The combined efforts of three food and nutrition security projects resulted in an almost tenfold increase in the production of onions and shallots in the Mopti region (Central Mali). Small enterprises and family farms were supported in adopting better farming techniques and using quality seed material, improving their storage of onions and gaining greater access to buyers and markets.

Sexual and reproductive health and rights

Results

Indicator

Number of couples protected by various contraceptives over a one-year period (couple-years protection)

Score

484,193

Progress

On track

With 36.5% of girls giving birth before the age of 18, reaching out to youth with information and services on family planning is important. The Netherlands’ implementing partners work closely together to reach this goal.

The UNFPA (United Nations Population Fund) buys and distributes contraceptives. Family planning services are provided in public clinics and through outreach activities by partners. Youth centres are supported so youth has access to information and services without obstacles. The Debbo Alafia programme mobilises communities to come and use family planning services.

Youth leaders are trained to provide information to their peers. Working with small local organisations and youth leaders has powerful effects: the programme works far beyond the urban centres and also reaches insecure areas. All Dutch implementing partners participated actively in the annual campaign for family planning in close collaboration with the Malian government.

This integrated approach ensured that the number of additional women protected almost doubled compared to the baseline of 2016 and has already reached 69% of the target set for 2019 (388,470).

Indicator

Percentage of women (20-24 yr) who were married or in union before ages 15 and 18

Score

13.28%

Progress

On track

Nationwide, 17% of girls are married before the age of 15 and 52% before the age of 18. Compared to other countries, Mali continues to rank high, in 6th place on child marriage worldwide.

In the intervention area of the Debbo Alafia programme (Ségou, Mopti, Gao, Tombouctou regions), child marriage before the age of 15 decreased from 23.55% in 2017 to 13.28% in 2018. This is a substantial improvement and already significantly better than the national average.

Dutch implementing partners work together with smaller local organisations that can reach far into the villages. Local and religious leaders take part in all activities. This makes it easier to establish an approach that is acceptable to all. A successful way to combat child marriage is having villages declare formally that they no longer accept child marriage or other harmful cultural practices, like female genital mutilation. So far, 1,130 villages have already made such a declaration.

Security and Rule of Law

Results

Indicator

Number of institutions strengthened: number of functional legal clinics

Score

28 legal clinics

Progress

On track

Currently, the four regions of Ségou, Mopti, Gao and Tombouctou depend on one lawyer who lives in Bamako and only occasionally visits the region due to the security situation. Furthermore, the justice system has been plagued by frequent strikes.

DemeSo, a legal support organisation, is supporting 28 legal clinics in 302 municipalities in these regions. DemeSo’s legal assistants play an important role in filling a gap and facilitating access to justice. The clinics help poor clients to claim their rights at courts and tribunals. The clinics also provide mediation. The most important reasons to seek legal assistance were divorce and inheritance, conflicts over land use and ownership, and cases of loss or theft of property.

Overall, 2,901 people were provided with information and legal support. More than 50% were women (1,554).

Indicator

Number of institutions strengthened: number of days until 1st hearing after being taken into custody

Score

4 days

Progress

On track

The Mandela Project supports the penal justice system in functioning better. Prisons, police and the justice departments, all partners in the penal justice chain, now discuss existing problems to improve their functioning. As part of the project, the buildings are being improved, dramatically increasing the well-being of prisoners. The project also works to reduce the amount of time that detainees have to wait for their initial hearing. This has been reduced from 45 to 4 days.

Background and future Mali

Background

Dutch sexual and reproductive health rights programmes have exceeded expectations. The two main reasons for this success are that the Netherlands has put youth leaders in the driving seat and encouraged implementing partners to work together better.

The results in security and rule of law are on schedule. The transparency and accountability of municipal governments has improved and the population’s trust in the government has increased. This is important for stability and preventing radicalisation. More people have access to justice but still more people need legal advice and assistance, especially women.

In the area of food security, the productivity and resilience of family farms improved. Progress with fish farming is slower, as the process is technically more difficult than expected. Onion production has increased nearly tenfold since 2012, improving incomes for a large number of families.

Lessons learned from the GIRE programme (Integrated Management of Water Resources) were incorporated in the Malian government’s new Integrated Water Resources Management policy. They were also used to formulate an integrated water and land use management plan for the Sourou region.

Glimpse into the future

As was already the case for the Tombouctou and Gao regions, programmes in the Ségou and Mopti regions are increasingly being affected by insecurity and instability. Long-standing local partners enjoy relations of mutual trust with the local population and may be able to continue operating under these difficult conditions.

However, international partners’ access is increasingly being restricted to the larger towns and cities. The Netherlands needs to adapt the way it implements programmes and monitors progress. In the future, the opportunities offered by smartphones and modern data analysis can be used.

It remains to be seen if activities, such as those related to sexual and reproductive rights and health, will be obstructed by jihadists. In anticipation, the Netherlands is creating a strategy to make sure that girls and women have continued access to sexual and reproductive health services.

Additional sources

Country's page on Dutch government site

Page on current policy towards Mali

Country's page on Dutch government site

Page on current policy towards Mali

Facebook page

Follow the Embassy of The Netherlands in Mali

Embassy website

Visit the Embassy of The Netherlands in Mali

Results Food security

Download PDF with results for Food security in Mali

Results Sexual and reproductive health and rights

Download PDF with results for Sexual and reproductive health and rights in Mali

Results Security and Rule of Law

Download PDF with results for Security and Rule of Law in Mali

Expenditure by channel

Expenditure

Expenditure by theme

Expenditure