In Somalia, modest progress has been made on stabilisation, federalisation and security sector reform. The overall security situation remains poor, however, due to a lack of control by the Somali authorities over the entire Somali territory.
Terrorist organisation Al-Shabaab maintain de facto control over a large part of the country. Tensions between clans or other groups regularly lead to armed conflicts. Al-Shabaab continues to carry out attacks, often resulting in civilian deaths. Despite the severe drought, which almost plunged the country into complete famine a year earlier, Somaliland remains a beacon of relative stability in the region.
The AU is the organisation in which all African countries are represented and which focuses on peace and security, economic integration, good governance and representing Africa on the world stage.
IGAD is the regional organisation of the countries in the Horn of Africa. IGAD was founded to come up with a joint solution to the drought in the region, which led to food shortages. Later, its mandate was extended and IGAD has also become active in the field of peace and security. IGAD is the main platform for joint dialogue between the countries in the region.
ISS is a renowned African think tank. With Dutch support, ISS has been able to contribute to the capacity building of African policymakers.
Glimpse into the future
The Netherlands' focus in Somalia remains on rule of law development, legitimate government, stability and (maritime) security. More attention will be paid to combating radicalisation and violent extremism. In addition, the Netherlands is focusing on private sector development with the important aim of contributing to youth employment. The Netherlands will also continue to provide humanitarian aid and greater attention will be paid to increasing the resilience of the Somali population to humanitarian disasters.
The Netherlands will continue to support the AU and IGAD in the field of peace and security. The Netherlands considers it important to work on conflict prevention, a functioning constitutional state and legitimate governance, equal rights and mediation in conflicts. Greater attention will be paid to the financial and wider reform of both organisations, to ensure that they function better and need less external support. In close collaboration with other partners, such as the EU, the Netherlands is committed to strengthening diplomatic ties with both organisations. The Netherlands will also continue to work with ISS and support will focus on the work of ISS with the African Union.