Highlighted results

8.5 million m2 cleared of mines

Inclusion of women promoted within an inclusive peace process (30% women target) and conflict resolution at national and local level. The Yemen Women’s Pact was established and strengthened.

12,030 Gender Based Violence (GBV) survivors reached with specialised GBV services; 2,071 GBV survivors received psychological support.

6,442 people using safely managed sanitation services.

3,333 people using safely managed drinking water services.

Introduction

During the 2017–2018 reporting period, the Netherlands remained a partner to Yemen and focused its efforts on preventing the country from sliding further into chaos. The strategic goal was and remains to contribute to human security and social development. This approach emphasises programmes that are conflict-sensitive and have a strong focus on concrete results for the Yemeni people. Due to the ongoing conflict, the political and security situation in Yemen has further deteriorated. The Netherlands has used its position as a trusted partner to assist Yemen by focusing on:

contributing to stabilisation efforts and ending the conflict/political crisis;reaching the most vulnerable groups in Yemen and addressing reproductive health and rights for women and girls, including access to psychosocial services; enhancing accountability for violations of human rights and international humanitarian law;preventing the further collapse of government systems and the social fabric, and preventing the further deterioration of the humanitarian situation;safeguarding water resources and sanitation services.

This focus meant that the Netherlands supported activities in the policy areas of:

a) security and rule of law

b) women’s rights and gender equality

c) sexual and reproductive health and rights

d) water, sanitation and hygiene

Results 2018

Thanks to the support of the Netherlands in the field of social progress, access to health facilities has remained possible in many areas of Yemen. This has provided Yemeni women and girls with access to psychosocial support and medical assistance related to sexual and maternal health, including family planning. Moreover, access to basic services, such as clean water, remained available in several regions, since the Netherlands prioritises sanitation and hygiene at a level that is conducive to living healthy lives. Better health conditions in nine prisons, due to improved living conditions for male and female detainees, resulted in the containment of a cholera outbreak and cholera-free prisons. Within the theme of security and rule of law, numerous dialogues on peace and stability were conducted inside and outside Yemen with different stakeholders, focusing on strengthening inclusiveness capacity building. The Yemeni Women’s Network was established to co-ordinate efforts to implement Resolution 1325 and feed the peace process. Better-equipped, trained and enabled Yemeni counterparts cleared large areas of mines and in terms of the political process, ongoing support from the Netherlands facilitated the work of the UN Special Envoy in his dialogues with the parties involved.

Results by theme

Sexual and reproductive health and rights Women’s rights and gender equality Security and Rule of Law Water

Sexual and reproductive health and rights

Results

Indicator

Help to end violence and discrimination against key populations, women and girls in relation to Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR)

Score

12.030

Progress

On track

The humanitarian situation in Yemen continues to deteriorate. Gender-based violence is a multifaceted problem that requires a holistic co-ordinated response. UNFPA provides a multi-sectoral response to GBV survivors and women at risk. GBV services provided by UNFPA include medical, legal and psychological support.

The UNFPA’s ‘My Safety, Our Future’ programme aimed to scale up current responses in the most affected areas in severe need of GBV services. GBV survivors initially reported incidents to community leaders, the police, hospital or a hotline. This was followed up by a case worker investigating the case through family, sheikhs, the police and hospitals, and a case manager assessing needs and creating a support plan. The referral officer then provided emergency services, such as shelter and medical, psychological and legal support.

The escalation of the armed conflict and political instability in Yemen remained challenges for the implementation of GBV activities. Obtaining permits took longer than expected, which caused delays in the implementation of activities. Another challenge is the lack of reporting on GBV due to shame and stigma.

Gender Based Violence (GBV) survivors reached with specialised GBV services
Indicator

Number of young people reached with comprehensive, correct information on sexuality, HIV/AIDS, STIs, pregnancy and contraception

Score

33,709 calls from young people

Progress

On track

A total of 46,000 calls were received by the free Contact Centre line (Shababline): 33,709 calls (73%) were from young people (below the age of 25) and 13,740 (30%) were inquiries about contraception.

MSIY (Marie Stopes International Yemen) and Yamaan gained the trust of local communities and managed to implement SRHR activities despite the difficult circumstances and high-risk environment. The inflation rate of the Yemeni Rial has led to challenges, such as the increasing cost of basic commodities and an increase in operational costs.

Indicator

Better public and private healthcare for family planning, pregnancies and childbirth, including safe abortions

Score

130,000

Progress

On track

The humanitarian crisis in Yemen continues to deteriorate. Only 50% of health facilities are functioning and according to OCHA 2018 16.4 million people lack access to adequate healthcare. Women and girls are particularly vulnerable due to their inability to access reproductive healthcare.

Results were achieved through the use of vouchers for Safe Motherhood Services. Under the programme, health facilities were contracted to provide motherhood services. Women and girls gained access to ante-natal and post-natal care, as well as safe delivery. The organisations also cover transport and overnight stays. Women and girls gained access to previously inaccessible motherhood services. The contracted health facilities are assessed based on client satisfaction, emergency preparedness, clinical governance and quality of services.

MSIY and Yamaan managed to implement SRHR activities despite the difficult circumstances and high-risk environment. The inflation rate of the Yemeni Rial has led to challenges, such as the increasing cost of basic commodities and an increase in operational costs.

130.000

Women’s rights and gender equality

Results

Indicator

Establishment of a group of Yemeni women leaders, including young female leaders equipped with the necessary skills to effectively participate in and contribute to the peacebuilding process.

Score

Progress

On track

The Yemeni Women’s Pact (YWP) was established with a total of more than 60 politically, socially and geographically diverse women and is considered a consultative body for the Office of the UN Special Envoy.

A total of 58 women participated in one consultation meeting on Opportunities Towards Peace Talks Resumption. A total of 44 meetings were held with the UNWomen team and the YWP Co-ordination Committee on strengthening YWP's governance, increasing member's involvement, supporting YWP evaluation and planning processes, and ensuring greater planning and design activity. YWP 2016 performance was assessed/analysed by members and a strategic paper produced. UNWomen provided technical support to YWP meetings.

Establishment and strengthening of the Yemen Women’s Pact
Indicator

Forged strategic alliances and fostered favourable attitudes and coalition building among Track I and II actors to facilitate women's participation in peace processes

Score

Progress

On track

A YWP consultation meeting was designed and implemented by YWP in close collaboration with the OSESGY advisors over several meetings. A meeting between the YWP and the Special Envoy also took place, resulting in the participation of the Special Envoy in the consultation meeting. The Special Envoy confirmed his determination to convince parties of the importance of women's participation in the negotiations to achieve peace and follow up on the events held by YWP: regular updates were requested by the Special Envoy, three meetings took place between YWP and the Special Envoy, and input for his briefings to the Security Council referred to YWP and the importance of the inclusion of women (30% participation in future peace talks).

Three meetings took place between YWP and the Special Envoy, and input for his briefings to the Security Council referred to YWP and the importance of the inclusion of women (30% participation in future peace talks).

Security and Rule of Law

Results

Indicator

Number of m2 demined

Score

8.5 million m2

Progress

On track

Since the start of the project in 2016, UNDP has supported more than 800 staff, of which around 700 field officers, in YEMAC (Yemen Executive Mine Action Centre). So far, UNDP has trained numerous staff and cleared large areas of Yemen. This has resulted in a large number of beneficiaries and survivors being screened and assisted.

The activities were executed as planned. Nevertheless, the ongoing conflict affected the areas in which YEMAC could operate and the situation in Hodeida remains particularly concerning. Participation in training sessions outside Yemen (in Amman) has not always been easy: permission to leave the country, travel through the frontlines and obtain visas and tickets are just a few examples of the difficulties encountered.

The need for ongoing demining remains: as long as the conflict is ongoing new areas will be mined by both sides.

The results achieved are expressed in millions of m2 demined. Nevertheless, one could consider the objectives partially achieved: large areas have been cleared of mines and staff from the Yemeni demining entity YEMAC have been trained, but further capacity in training staff is still needed and large (new) areas are being contaminated. The conflict is still ongoing.

8.5 million m2
Indicator

Number of dialogue processes to promote constructive conflict management and local peace processes (ARC Optional indicators)

Score

> 140

Progress

On track

The Yemen conflict is still ongoing and no peace agreement has been reached. During the reporting period, the Netherlands continued to support the mediation efforts of the (Office of the) UN Special Envoy to Yemen, resulting in numerous dialogues with the parties and stakeholders, and high-level diplomacy in co-operation with international partners (Track I level support).

The Netherlands also continued to support several NGO initiatives to strengthen and empower civil society, (tribal) leaders at national, regional and local level, entrepreneurs, women and youth in peacebuilding/conflict resolution and participation at local and regional level. NGO activities included training, capacity strengthening activities, facilitating dialogues, publishing policy papers and feeding into the Track I level through dialogue with and policy advice from the different Yemeni groups brought together.

The expected results were partly achieved: most of the planned activities were executed by the different NGOs and their different Yemeni groups. Nevertheless, the ongoing conflict placed constraints on implementation in certain cases: permission to leave the country, travel through the frontlines and obtain visas and tickets are just a few examples of the difficulties and delays encountered. Also, regarding the inclusivity of the peace process and dialogues, the participation of women (30%) at Track I level has not yet been achieved.

More than 140

Water

Results

Indicator

Number of people using safely managed drinking water services

Score

3,333 people

Progress

On track

Yemen has the lowest water availability per capita in the world. The outbreak of diarrhoea and cholera are evidence of the current poor WASH situation in Yemen.

The results were achieved by integrating water supply, sanitation and hygiene. The implementing partner responded to the current water shortage caused by the gradual reduction of groundwater level, the intermittent water supply to communities in urban and rural areas, and the continuous deterioration due to excessive consumption.

One of the activity’s main successes is the increased awareness and engagement of communities. Villagers are paid to build their own bathrooms and sanitation. One of the beneficiaries said: ‘My sisters visit all the time, I have a bathroom now.’ The intervention had a positive impact on safe drinking water services and on awareness of safe drinking water and sanitation.

Indicator

Number of people using safely managed sanitation services, including hand-washing facilities with soap and water

Score

6,442 people using safely manage

Progress

On track

In Yemen, many rural communities engage in unsafe habits, such as open defecation, refraining from washing hands and drinking non-purified water. The reasons for this are manifold and include lack of health awareness, water scarcity, lack of access to clean water and overall economic conditions. Most houses do not have basic sanitation facilities, such as a sink for hand washing.

The implementing partner has provided both technical expertise and sensitisation programmes to increase the usage of sanitation services in the target areas. These so-called hygiene awareness campaigns (using community-led sanitation) focus on the importance of sanitation and hand washing with soap and water. The interventions took place in public facilities, including mosques and schools, and via plenary meetings and public events.

The sanitation services and related hygiene awareness campaigns have actively prevented acute diarrhoea and disease epidemics, such as cholera, and have contributed towards a healthier state of being among the Yemeni people.

Background and future Yemen

Glimpse into the future

As a result of the ongoing conflict, the absence of a peace agreement and a government with only limited control over Yemen’s territory, the Netherlands will continue to channel most of its support through international and local NGOs and the UN. The armed conflict places a severe strain on the overall operational management of the development co-operation programme. Implementing agencies face logistical constraints, security setbacks and operational delays. Despite the crisis and the related challenges, the Netherlands managed to implement its programmes in support of the population. The Netherlands will continue with its current portfolio and types of intervention, supporting social progress and stability, security and peace in Yemen, and will more actively integrate and mainstream conflict sensitivity in its development portfolio. Finally, since the embassy has been temporarily relocated to the Netherlands for security reasons, the Netherlands will further strengthen its presence in the region.

Additional sources

Countries page on Dutch government site

Page on current policy towards Yemen

Facebook page

Page on current policy towards Yemen

Results Sexual and reproductive health and rights

Download PDF with results for Sexual and reproductive health and rights in Yemen

Results Women’s rights and gender equality

Download PDF with results for Women’s rights and gender equality in Yemen

Results Security and Rule of Law

Download PDF with results for Security and Rule of Law in Yemen

Results Water

Download PDF with results for Water in Yemen

Expenditure by channel

Expenditure

Expenditure by theme

Expenditure