Highlighted results

Dutch co-operation in strengthening Vocational Education & Training (TVET).

About 150,000 additional people gained access to safe sanitary facilities, bringing the total for the ongoing sanitation projects SIMAVI/SEHATI and SNV Lampung to some 370,000.

1,761 people (including 991 women) have been able to access justice and/or claim their rights with help of legal schools, paralegals and lawyers supported through the rule of law programme.

Introduction

In the 2017-2018 period, the Netherlands continued to focus on sectors in which Dutch expertise can add specific value: water, agriculture, and security and rule of law. Dutch know-how in these areas can be used to contribute to the achievement of several SDGs. Within and outside these sectors, the Netherlands also contributed to private sector development and education.

In the 2017-2018 period, Indonesia has managed to maintain growth of around 5%, which is consistent with previous years. Nevertheless, challenges remain in terms of ease of doing business, hampering development through trade and foreign investment. In the Rule of Law sector, the Supreme Court of Indonesia has been taking a leading role in spearheading reforms of the legal system that are essential to improve legal certainty in Indonesia. While this process may take many years, the first milestones are already being realised, such as the new format for rulings. Politically, 2018 saw the start of the election campaign leading to regional elections in June 2018 and regional and national (including presidential) elections in 2019.

The main objective of the TVET pilot programme, launched in early 2018, is to improve vocational education and training in agriculture by delivering competent graduates that match the needs of the labour market. By empowering secondary vocational education schools, students, farmers and industry, the programme contributes to economic development in Indonesia. Starting with two agricultural schools in Java, the ambition is to scale up this pilot programme to 60 or more secondary vocational education schools throughout Indonesia.

Results 2018

Water

The three sanitation programmes (USDP2, SEHATI and SNV/Lampung) have contributed concretely to planning, budgeting for and implementing sanitation and hygiene programmes in their respective programme areas, as well as beyond, through replication. Intensive collaboration with central, municipal and district governments and building their capacity have proven to be an effective approach.

Rule of Law

Co-operation in 2017 continued to contribute to increased access to justice for vulnerable groups, through our programme with LBH APIK, and to improved community policing in Papua, West-Papua and Maluku. In addition, important steps were made through peer-to-peer collaboration between several legal institutions in the Netherlands and Indonesia. The Supreme Court, for example, has adopted a new format for rulings (simplifying the decision-making process, allowing the Supreme Court to make more decisions in a shorter time), and is changing the functioning of the chamber system based on advice from the Dutch Supreme Court (de Hoge Raad). These changes will (in the medium to long term) contribute to increased consistency in legal decisions in Indonesia.

Agriculture

Dutch co-operation in strengthening the Vocational Education & Training programme (TVET) was initiated in November 2016 with the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the governments of Indonesia and the Netherlands. This MoU includes incentives for a pilot programme to revitalise TVET in the agricultural sector as a start-up phase and explore opportunities to later extend this co-operation to other sectors.

In light of that memorandum, an agricultural labour market analysis and an identification of capacity needs took place in two pilot schools. This resulted in a concrete project design for a three-year VET programme, co-funded by Indonesia and the Netherlands, focusing on institutional strengthening, curriculum development, teacher training and the development of adequate facilities. The contribution committed by the Netherlands is EUR 372,000, which is 40% of the total budget. The Dutch funding will be part of the Orange Knowledge Programme (OKP), in turn part of the Innocap projects and VegImpact NL.

Results by theme

Food security Water Security and Rule of Law

Featured project Indonesia

Supporting STBM in Lampung Province project

In 2017, 30 million people in Indonesia had no access to a toilet. Poor sanitation causes the death of an estimated 60,000 children annually, contributes to stunted growth in one out of three children and leads to annual GDP losses of 2.3%. Women and girls are most severely affected by poor sanitation, with girls’ education compromised by the lack of conditions to manage menstruation with safety and dignity at school.

Community-based total sanitation (STBM) is Indonesia’s programmatic approach to address this critical challenge. In partnership with The Netherlands Embassy in Indonesia, SNV Netherlands Development Organisation strengthened the capacities of district governments in Lampung Selatan, Pringsewu and Tanggamus, in the Lampung Province, to implement STBM in rural communities and schools, paying special attention to the needs of the poorest and women and girls. The Supporting STBM in Lampung project was implemented from 2014 to 2017 and focused on triggering demand for good sanitation while developing the private sector to deliver market-driven, cost-effective and sustainable sanitation solutions.

Through the project, 62,500 people gained access to improved sanitation facilities. Most notably, the increased capacity and commitment of local governments led to additional public investment in STBM, to engagement with local CSOs supported by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ Dialogue and Dissent programme and to the furthering of sanitation ambitions in line with the SDGs. As a result, three months after the project closure, one of the targeted locations – Pringsewu – became the first district on the island of Sumatra to fully eliminate open defecation.

Supporting STBM in Lampung Province project
Community association facilitates surge in demand for toilets in rural Lampung

Read more on community-based total sanitation (STBM)

Food security

The results in context

Dutch co-operation in strengthening Vocational Education & Training (TVET) in the agriculture sector.

The aim of this programme is to improve Vocational Education & Training (TVET) in agriculture by producing competent graduates that match labour market needs in east and west Java. In addition, economic development in Indonesia will be stimulated by empowering vocational schools, students, farmers and industry. The aim is to contribute to job opportunities in agriculture for Indonesian youth. The ultimate goal of the TVET-programme, following implementation of the pilot scheme in 2020, is 65% of graduates working in agriculture-related industries. At present, this figure is 32% in one pilot school and 36% in the other, meaning that 87 further students will be reached at the two pilot schools.

A number of partnerships have been created between the two vocational pilot schools and industry. Close collaboration exists between universities from the two countries: IPB Bogor and the University of Wageningen. Nuffic Neso Indonesia participates in three projects under the ‘Innovation In Capacity building’ (Innocap) umbrella and through a forthcoming contribution under the new Orange Knowledge Programme (OKP).

Water

The results in context

Rural sanitation and urban flood management, in particular for the city of Jakarta, have continued to be important focus areas of the Netherlands’ support in the water sector. More than 30 million Indonesians still do not use toilets, while in Jakarta about 4 million people are not, or are still not sufficiently, protected against the risks of floods.

The Netherlands-supported USDP2, SNV/Lampung and SIMAVI/SEHATI projects have been providing capacity building services and support to government and non-government partners and the private sector to end open defecation and move on to improving other hygiene practices, such as hand washing with soap, menstrual hygiene and waste management. These activities are designed to support the national government sanitation programme known as STBM, Community-led Total Sanitation. Central and local government institutions and other sector partners greatly appreciate the substantial strategic support provided by the Netherlands.

As agreed under a trilateral MoU signed in 2016, Dutch and Korean Technical Assistance continue to provide support in preparation of a Final Investment Decision for long-term flood protection measures in Jakarta. The Netherlands is acting and is appreciated by the Indonesian Government as a trusted adviser in the fields of flood protection and coastal restoration.

Results

Indicator

Number of additional people reached with sustainable access to and use of improved sanitation facilities.

Score

155,000 in 2017

Progress

On track

The key to the approach of the three sanitation projects USDP2, SNV/Lampung and SIMAVI Sehati is to work closely with and provide formal and informal (on the job) training and capacity building to central and local government and non-governmental partners. In 2017 alone, close to 200 organisations benefited from different support services (TA, training) and more than 3,000 people received training in one form or another. As a result of this approach, these projects have impacted the national sanitation programme not just in the projects’ own areas but also beyond.

Indicator

Number of people in Jakarta benefiting from reduced flood risk

Score

2.5 million

Progress

Progress, not on track

More than 2.5 million people are already benefiting from reduced flood risk due to investments in flood protection infrastructure, which has largely been provided based on data, plans and designs developed with the Netherlands’ assistance over the past 10-12 years.

Ongoing emergency works on the existing sea walls and river dikes, and ultimately the construction of a sea wall currently under development with Netherlands and KOICA support, will not only result in 1.5 million people being protected but also higher safety levels for all 4 million people at risk.

Tripartite co-operation under NCICD2 between Indonesia, the Netherlands and KOICA is resulting in a plan, which, if and once implemented, will better protect 4 million people living in Jakarta against future floods.

Security and Rule of Law

The results in context

The Rule of Law sector in Indonesia finds itself in a long-term reform process, gradually trying to move towards a system and processes that increase both quality and legal certainty – both elements it needs and wishes to improve. The Supreme Court has been taking a leading role in spearheading such reforms and regularly exchanges experiences with the Dutch Supreme Court on such topics. Collaboration between the Indonesian Judicial Training Centre (JTC) and Studiecentrum Rechtspleging (SSR) started in 2017 with changes to the way new judges are trained in Indonesia. After years of a freeze on recruitment, 1,600 new judges were appointed in 2017. M&E systems and tools for trainers and mentors were developed, which means that much more consistent and independent monitoring of the progress of new judges is now in place. The JTC also embraced the concepts of e-learning and blended learning as tools to increase training opportunities for judges from once every ten years to once a year. A milestone achieved was the fact that the JTC’s new five-year strategic plan includes blended learning and a start was made on the development of e-learning modules. This continuous legal training of judges will contribute to greater consistency of rulings throughout Indonesia.

At the same time, equal access to justice for vulnerable groups remains a challenge, despite relatively effective legislation, such as the legal aid law. The situation for women in communities can be very difficult, especially in provinces like Papua. The patriarchal nature of society means that women neither know their rights nor can claim them. Through LBH APIK (Asosiasi Lembuya Bantuan Hukum Apik Indonesia) local ‘schools of justice’ are being set up for women to learn about their rights and try to claim then with the help of paralegals. Citizens’ Forums are being created for community members to discuss problems in the community with their local authorities.

Results

Indicator

No. of beneficiaries (f/m) with improved access to justice

Score

1,761

Progress

On track

Ms. Karmin of Labuan Panimba: “For me, access to justice means that my daughter and I could get land certificates so I can live and work peacefully for the future of my family. I can also develop my self-confidence to be part of the village apparatus and one day I wish to be the head of Labuan Panimba Village. After struggling for 16 years, I am happy that I and my people, through the Citizen Forum, have finally been granted the land certificates and now have clean water for the whole neighbourhood.”

video link (long version)

video link (short version)

No. of beneficiaries
Indicator

Number of participants in community policing-related activities in target communities in Maluku, Papua and West Papua

Score

10,419

Progress

On track

The Community Policing approach and engagement with communities in the target areas has increased over the years with the coaching and support of the community policing programme with IOM. Police and communities have started to replicate the approach in a larger number of villages (173) in the target areas, based on the pilot model. In the current phase of the programme, IOM is gradually phasing out its involvement, including a gradual phasing out of the (Dutch) project financing.

Background and future Indonesia

Background

Security and Rule of Law

The Netherlands and Indonesia are strategic partners with a shared past. Due to their shared legal heritage, the added-value of legal co-operation between the Netherlands and Indonesia is highly recognised. The rule of law programme works through a combination of support to local NGOs, research and lobbying for legal reform, capacity building and peer-to-peer collaboration between Dutch and Indonesian legal institutions. Through relations built over many years, very effective advice on legal reform and legal education can be provided. Even if the individual steps achieved sometimes seem small, together they can ultimately lead to fundamental changes in the legal system. For most of our programmes, close co-operation with local authorities and community leaders has proven to be the key to success. For example, one of the main lessons learnt from the access to justice programme is that local leaders need to understand and be on board for the approach to take hold in the community and effectively help the vulnerable groups.

Water

Thanks to the support provided by Simavi (SHAW) and SNV (STBM Lampung), close to an additional 1.65 million people in Sumatra and East Indonesia have gained sustainable access to sanitary facilities since 2012. Close co-operation with and capacity building of local government and non-government partners has proven to be a powerful approach to improving the planning, budgeting and implementation of national sanitation programmes. In the second phase of the National Capital Integrated Coastal Development (NCICD2) project, good progress has been made in the development of a new ‘preferred alternative’ to reduce the risk of floods in Jakarta. The current plan responds to environmental and social concerns raised earlier and offers technical solutions and acceleration strategies for flood safety measures, reduction of land subsidence, drinking water supply and sanitation. Progress towards a concrete investment decision has been slow, among other things due to the election of a new governor in 2017 and other political developments related to the upcoming elections in 2019.

Agriculture

In the Netherlands, agrarian schools from vocational to higher education work closely with the agrarian industry to gain as much benefit as possible from each other’s knowledge and experience. In Indonesia, 10% percent of SMK graduates (secondary vocational education schools) are left jobless and SMK suffers from the perception that it is inferior to general education, because of a discrepancy in demand and supply between students graduating from agricultural education and demand for skilled labour in agriculture.

Glimpse into the future

Security and Rule of Law

The rule of law programme is in its final year in 2019, although a small transition facility will remain in place for a few more years. This transition facility will focus on a number of long-term relationships between the Dutch and Indonesian legal institutions, to continue strategic engagement in certain key reform processes.

Water

The SNV Lampung programme ended in late 2017. In the next 1-2 years, the activities of Simavi (with the new SEHATI programme) and the second phase of the USDP will contribute to further investments in and increased access to improved sanitary services. To contribute to the rehabilitation works following the 2018 earthquakes in Lombok and to properly prepare for the phasing out of Netherlands ODA support by 2020, these two projects are now in the process of adjusting their exit strategies and are expected to be extended into 2020, to further remediate, consolidate and institutionalise the results of the earlier programmes. Under the Water MoU, the private sector will play a more important role and we will look for alternative funding.

Regarding the Netherlands technical assistance (TA) to Jakarta coastal flood safety (through the second phase of the National Capital Integrated Coastal Development Program - NCICD2), the Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management has appointed a full-time senior adviser in Jakarta to bring discussions and decision-making on the proposed flood protection measures to a higher level (also politically). Netherlands TA input will increasingly focus on knowledge management and institutional/capacity development.

Agriculture

The focus in 2019 is to scale up with extra focus on private sector involvement and the identification of five vocational schools in agriculture. The objective is to gradually replicate and roll out this model to 60 agricultural schools in Indonesia in the period 2023-2026.

Additional sources

Countries page on Dutch government site

Nederland Wereldwijd - Indonesië

Countries page on English government site

Netherlands and You – Indonesia

Facebook page

The official Facebook page of the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Indonesia

Twitter page

The official Twitter page of the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Indonesia

Instagram

The official Instagram page of the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Indonesia

LinkedIn

The official LinkedIn page of the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Indonesia

Results Food security

Download PDF with results for Food security in Indonesia

Results Water

Download PDF with results for Water in Indonesia

Results Security and Rule of Law

Download PDF with results for Security and Rule of Law in Indonesia

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