Highlighted results

8,728 Ethiopians gained access to justice through increased and improved legal services.

745 girls were rescued from child marriage and its life-threatening consequences; 305 women and girls suffering from gender-based violence were sheltered in a safe house in Addis Ababa.

A total of 1,494,990 farm households doubled their income or productivity.

Introduction

Ethiopia has undergone a major political change. After several years marked by popular demonstrations, a new government promised democratic reforms. Thousands of political prisoners were released, opposition movements formerly branded as terrorists were welcomed back into the country and a peace deal with Eritrea was brokered.

The more open political climate also recognised (perceived) past injustices between various ethnic groups. The related violence resulted in several million people being displaced.

The Family Guidance Association Ethiopia (FGAE) refused to sign the United States government’s so-called gag rule and lost funding for 10 sex worker clinics in Ethiopia. The rule means that no NGO based outside the US will receive US aid funding unless it signs a commitment not to be associated with abortion. Thanks to additional funds mobilised by the She Decides initiative, the Netherlands was able to increase its support to FGAE and keep these clinics open.

With support from the Netherlands and others, Ethiopia has been able to reduce malnutrition. Chronically food insecure households received continuous support from the Productive Safety Net Programme funded by the Netherlands. And with Dutch support, farm households improved sustainable land use and increased their productivity.

Results 2018

The Netherlands supports the Ethiopian reform process. In the Security and Rule of Law sector, several governance projects were started to support the reform process in Oromia.

FGAE reported a big increase in the number of individuals and groups of female sex workers reached by comprehensive Sexually Transmitted Infections/HIV services: 20,180, up by more than 5,000 on the previous year.

Through Dutch food security interventions aimed at increasing production, 518,665 farm households were reached directly and 3,933,457 indirectly.

Results by theme

Security and Rule of Law Food security Sexual and reproductive health and rights

Featured project Ethiopia

Support to the Family Guidance Association Ethiopia Strategic Plan (2016-20)

The current United States Government (USG) intensified the so -called gag rule: no NGO based outside the US will receive USG aid funding unless it signs a commitment not to be associated in any way with abortion services, even if funded by another donor. The Family Guidance Association Ethiopia (FGAE) refused to sign and lost USG funding for the 10 sex worker clinics it operates throughout Ethiopia.

About a quarter of sex workers are thought to be HIV-positive, whereas the proportion among the total population is less than 1%. Providing support to sex workers is therefore very important. Thanks to additional funds mobilised by the She Decides initiative, the Netherlands was able to increase its support to FGAE and keep these clinics open.

Featured project Ethiopia

BENEFIT

BENEFIT, the Bilateral Ethiopia Netherlands Effort for Food, Income and Trade Partnership, was established in 2016 and unites five agricultural development programmes in Ethiopia. BENEFIT is co-ordinated by Wageningen University’s Centre for Development Innovation.

This umbrella project consist of:

1. Integrated seed sector development (ISSD)

2. Capacity building for scaling up evidence-based best practices in agricultural production (CASCAPE)

3. Ethiopia-Netherlands trade facilitation for agribusiness (ENTAG)

4. Sesame business network support (SBN)

5. Realising sustainable agricultural livelihood security (REALISE)

Security and Rule of Law

The results in context

In the Security and of Rule of Law (SRoL) sector, Dutch programmes focus on strengthening rule of law and improving governance.

Dutch support to the Ethiopian NGO Justice for All (JFA) programme led directly to 8,728 Ethiopians gaining access to justice through:

legal aid clinics in prisons

pardon evaluations for prisoners

support to judges to help clear court case backlogs

(human rights) training for justice sector officials, including police officers

JFA advocates for improved legislation, peacebuilding, freedom of expression and enhanced prisoner rehabilitation in Ethiopian Prisons, and the abolishment of child marriage, female genital mutilation and gender-based violence.

The Netherlands also supported the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in improving the quality of the justice sector by developing a national crime-prevention strategy and a legal aid policy.

Furthermore, the Netherlands started a project with the Africa Study Centre Leiden to increase the Oromia Regional Government’s research capacity, which will result in evidence-based legislation. A project was started with the Free University of Amsterdam to increase the capacity of the federal Attorney General and judiciary, and their Oromo regional counterparts.

Results

Indicator

People gaining access to justice

Score

8,728

Progress

On track

Justice for All assisted 62,344 people in gaining access to justice. The NGO achieved this by constructing legal aid centres in prisons, clearing backlogs in courts, facilitating pardon assessment for prisoners and training justice sector officials. The NGO was supported by a consortium of Norway, Sweden, Denmark and the Netherlands. Based on the share of assistance provided by each donor, 8,728 people gained access to justice as a result of the Dutch contribution.

Food security

The results in context

The Netherlands contributes to achieving improved food and nutrition security in Ethiopia in three ways:

1. by lifting people out of undernourishment

2. by doubling the productivity and income of farm households

3. by converting farmland to sustainable use

Addressing the first issue takes place mostly through support for the Ethiopian government’s Productive Safety Net Programme, which strengthens food and nutrition security for the most vulnerable chronically food insecure households.

The second and third issues are addressed through support for sustainable agricultural development, which focuses on farms with potential for commercialisation. The Netherlands has contributed to Ethiopia’s Agricultural Growth Programme, which focuses on high-potential land areas, as well as to the Agricultural Transformation Agency, which aims to realise the country’s Growth and Transformation Plan.

Bilateral agricultural development projects were all in service of these big government programmes and were provided with Dutch expertise on marketing, increasing production, innovative technology, knowledge and upscaling. Four sub-sectors have received intensified support: dairy, horticulture, seed and sesame.

Results

Indicator

Number of family farms that have doubled productivity and/or income

Score

1,494,990 family farms

Progress

On track

BENEFIT, the Bilateral Ethiopia Netherlands Effort for Food, Income and Trade Partnership, was a major contributor to this result. Productivity improvements not only increase the income of the beneficiary but also achieve food security by making more products available to the local market, which makes it easier for food insecure people to afford a healthy, nutritious and diverse diet.

Indicator

Number of family farms reached

Score

4,452,122 farms reached

Progress

On track

Almost 4.5 million family farms have been reached by the Dutch programmes in Ethiopia. Farm households directly reached are those that have taken part in Dutch projects’ on-farm activities. Farm households indirectly reached are those that have benefited from outreach activities. For example, they now apply better practices after having visited a demonstration farm.

Indicator

Farmland (including pastures and fish ponds) converted to sustainable use

Score

564,858 hectares

Progress

On track

A large area of more than half a million hectares of agricultural land in Ethiopia is being used more sustainably due to Dutch-funded projects, which aim to achieve sustainable land use by introducing:

more efficient water use

more effective application of fertiliser

the use of improved seed varieties

conservation measures that improve soil fertility

Sexual and reproductive health and rights

The results in context

The Netherlands pursues SRHR results in four areas:

1. Better information and greater freedom of choice for young people concerning their sexuality: Ethiopia has pledged to end child marriage by 2025. The Netherlands has consistently advocated for and supported Ethiopia in ending child marriages and harmful traditional practices. See indicator 1.

2. Improved access to contraceptives and medicines: this is a top priority for the Federal Ministry of Health and is supported and complemented by NGOs, which the Netherlands supports separately. Together, DKT, the Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia (FGAE) and Marie Stopes International provide access to more than an estimated 40% of all reproductive health commodities in Ethiopia. See indicator 2.

3. Better public and private health care for family planning, pregnancies and childbirth, including safe abortions: Ethiopia achieved most of the health MDGs (1990-2015) by courageously deploying investment in Health Extension Workers (approx. 40,000 in 2018, mostly female) to provide primary health care as close to the community/family as possible. See indicator 3.

4. Greater respect for the sexual and reproductive rights of groups currently denied these rights: the Netherlands supports one safe house in Addis Ababa, where women and girl survivors of violence receive comprehensive rehabilitation support, including support related to SRHR, health, counselling, legal case follow up, basic literacy, empowerment and self-defence. See indicator 4.

Results

Indicator

Prevent and halt all forms of harmful practices against children

Score

745 girls rescued

Progress

Not applicable

Prevent and halt all forms of harmful practices against children and

adolescents, including child marriage and Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting measured by: percentage of women (20-24 yrs) who were married or in union before ages 15 and 18

The above result was achieved through a fund that encouraged linking, learning from and accelerating existing initiatives in Ethiopia aimed at ending child marriage.

745 girls were rescued from child marriage and its life-threatening consequences. Preventing and addressing child marriage was an aspect of this programme but not the primary objective and therefore has no baseline information or target.
Indicator

Number of couples protected by various contraceptives over a 1-year period (Couples Year Protection = CYP)

Score

6,106,374

Progress

On track

The Couples Year Protection programme was generated by three NGOs: DKT, Family Guidance Association Ethiopia (FGAE) and Marie Stopes International (MSI). In 2016, DKT lost an important donor and had to increase the prices of socially marketed reproductive commodities, which negatively affected the total CYP figure.

Indicator

Percentage of deliveries attended by skilled health personnel

Score

66%

Progress

No progress

This indicator is reported by the Federal Ministry of Health and does not include private sector deliveries (which are relatively few). Socio-political unrest has contributed to the results falling below expectations. Ethiopia has also had to adapt its one-size-fits-all approach, as urban, rural and pastoral communities require different solutions.

66% of deliveries attended by skilled health personnel
Indicator

Number of women and girls survivors of violence and their children provided with rehabilitation services

Score

305 women and girls

Progress

No progress

Help to end violence and discrimination against key populations, women and girls in relation to SRHR: number of women and girls survivors of violence and their children provided with rehabilitation services. The safe house in Addis Ababa has limited space. It accepts survivors of gender-based violence, which are amongst the poorest of the poor. The score is based on women and girls referred to the safe house, for instance by the police. The number of women and girls helped each year depends on the amount of care needed for each survivor to recover completely. The target is therefore quite unpredictable, although the safe souse is normally fully occupied.

305 women and girls

Background and future Ethiopia

Background

Dutch development co-operation in Ethiopia took place against a background of rapid political and democratic reform. The Netherlands has supported that reform and will continue to do so.

Glimpse into the future

The Netherlands supports the Ethiopian reform process. In the Security and Rule of Law sector, several governance projects were started to support the reform process at the federal level, as well as in Oromia regional state. In other regions, similar activities will be initiated. These projects are expected to increase the quality of the justice sector and governance in general.

Ethiopia aims for an accessible, qualitatively adequate and sustainable health system, in which sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) have a prominent place. This means improved health care and free sexual reproductive services, including Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) at schools for all Ethiopians, with a focus on youth and adolescents.

The Netherlands will continue to support vulnerable and chronically food insecure communities. In addition, the Netherlands aims to support farm households with potential for commercialisation. This ambition will be achieved through support to two large sector programmes in dairy (BRIDGE) and horticulture (HortiLIFE). The Ethiopian government will remain a strong partner for execution and will also receive support for its agricultural growth and transformation agenda.

Additional sources

Facebook page

Follow the Embassy of Ethiopia on Facebook

Embassy of Ethiopia website

Visit the Embassy of Ethiopia website

Results Private sector development

Download PDF with the results for Private sector development in Ethiopia

Results Security and Rule of Law

Download PDF with results for Security and Rule of Law in Ethiopia

Results Food security

Download PDF with results for Food security in Ethiopia

Results Sexual and reproductive health and rights

Download PDF with results for Sexual and reproductive health and rights in Ethiopia

Expenditure by channel

Expenditure

Expenditure by theme

Expenditure