Highlighted results

23,178 family farms have become more resilient

682,201 couples protected by various contraceptives over a one-year period

178 conflicts resolved by community structures

Introduction

Since the political crisis in 2015, Burundi has faced political instability and economic slowdown. This has led to a lack of space for political dialogue, persistent human rights violations and reduced trust in the government among the population.

It has also impacted the socio-economic situation in the country. The level of poverty remains a concern, along with the sharp decline in national income, shortages of basic products and foreign currency, and reduced business activity.

The Netherlands contributes to reducing the effect of the main drivers of conflict in Burundi:

the impact of climate change and high levels of food insecurity and malnutrition;

high population growth and continued gender inequality and sexual and gender-based violence;

the lack of prospects and employment for the younger generation;

fragile political governance.

To achieve this, the focus has been on:

the empowerment of rural (farmer) families through agricultural and private sector development, which increases resilience;

the empowerment of women and youth by making sexual and reproductive health information, products and services widely available;

the development of skills for enhanced employment and income opportunities;

the enhancement of the voice and participation of Burundians at various levels of society, by supporting participation in dialogue with the government and reconciliation efforts.

Results 2018

Despite the changed political landscape since the crisis in 2015, the Dutch programmes have achieved considerable results in food and nutrition security, sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR), and local governance.

Within its food security programme, the motivation for resilience-based farming has been promoted to farmer families, which has resulted in increased environmentally-friendly agricultural production as well as increased income. This has led to greater financial independence of farmers and their families.

Through the SRHR-programme, the availability and quality of reproductive health information, as well as access to contraceptive products and services, have improved. This has resulted in a higher use of contraceptives, increased protection and a reduced number of teenage pregnancies.

Through activities in the area of security and rule of law, including human rights, various results have been achieved, despite the changed political context. For example, police have been trained in human rights and good conduct, to promote trust and understanding between communities and the police.

Results by theme

Food security Sexual and reproductive health and rights Security and Rule of Law

Featured project Burundi

Projet d'Appui à la Production Agricole au Burundi (PAPAB)

PAPAB (2015-2019) aims to sustainably increase food production in Burundi by promoting market-oriented, climate-resilient and sustainable agricultural techniques, supported by fertiliser subsidies.

Food security

The results in context

Land is the basis of rain-fed agriculture, the main livelihood for 90% of the population. Rapid population growth, climate change and lack of economic diversification have led to land degradation. To date, more than 23,000 farmer households have been assisted in tackling this degradation and increasing the productivity of their farms to ensure greater food security.

Access to quality agricultural inputs, finance and land has also improved. As many as 26,000 small seed producers were trained and a seed ordering system and seed storage facilities were put in place. 90,000 new farmer households gained access to fertilisers, and 41,000 made use of micro-finance institutes’ services. 7,200 land properties have been registered thus far and as a result several land conflicts have been resolved. This also contributed to social cohesion and the protection of women's rights.

Nutritional practices were enhanced, addressing nutrition insecurity and chronic malnutrition. Around 150,000 children received nutritious daily school meals made from locally sourced ingredients.

Results

Indicator

Number of family farms that have become more resilient

Score

23,178 family farms

Progress

On track

Number of farmers trained in resilience-oriented farming using the integrated farm household planning approach (PIP).

23,178 family farms
Indicator

Number of people with improved food intake

Score

150,712 students

Progress

On track

Number of school students with access to healthy food.

150,712 students

Sexual and reproductive health and rights

The results in context

High population growth threatens stability and socio-economic development, particularly affecting youth and their future. Family planning is provided and promoted to achieve the goal of a maximum of three children per woman. UNFPA supplied 1.7 million condoms, which were distributed by the National Reproductive Health Programme. Long-term family planning methods supported by the Netherlands reached more than 35,000 women.

Most districts now have workers trained in the management of the supply of contraceptives. Private sector sales of condoms rose by 50% and the use of surgical contraception is slowly increasing: to three times the level of 2016. The unmet need for family planning remains high, at 30%.

Sexuality education was provided in 481 schools and more than 200 contact points were set up for students. This increased access to information means that the choices of girls are better informed and has led to positive behavioural change. The number of teenage pregnancies has fallen from 11% in 2010 to 8% in 2017. The revised Comprehensive Sexual Education (CSE) school manual was adopted by the government and its initial plan to prevent pregnant schoolgirls from re-entering school has been cancelled.

Thanks to support from the Netherlands, 533 cases of sexual and gender-based violence were referred to a specialist and 2,095 cases received medication to prevent them from becoming infected after being exposed to HIV.

Results

Indicator

Number of couples protected by various contraceptives over a one-year period

Score

Progress

On track

Number of days per year that any birth control method will prevent a pregnancy.

The Netherlands’ contribution to the total number of couples protected by various contraceptives is 58.2%. To attain an increase in Voluntary Surgical Contraception, two health providers per health district (nationwide) were trained. The aim is to increase coverage and impact by specifically targeting farmer families through the integration of family planning under the umbrella of ‘life skills’ within the PIP approach (see food security).

Couple-years protected
Indicator

Number of users of modern contraceptive methods (contraceptive prevalence rate).

Score

-17.9% (2017)

Progress

No progress

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) for all methods was 29% and slightly less for modern methods. The use of contraception in urban areas is higher (25%) than in rural areas (22%). The decrease in users was caused by massive withdrawals of implants (mainly due to the side effects) and intra-uterine devices. However, the number of new users has increased (480,398).

Indicator

Number of births per 1,000 women per age group (10-14 years; 15-19 years)

Score

-3% (2017)

Progress

On track

Because of the large youth segment of the population, focus on youth remains a priority. To reduce the number of unplanned and unwanted pregnancies, new and innovative ways of reaching out to and empowering youths will be explored.

2010 (DHS): 11% (DHS): 8%

Security and Rule of Law

The results in context

The political situation had a great impact on security and rule of law in the country. The Security Sector Development programme, which worked directly with governance institutions, had to be phased out. The police however continued to receive training on human rights and good conduct, and were included in dialogues with civil society, political representatives and the population. This has led to better trust and understanding between communities and the police.

Community-level dialogues were organised to promote reconciliation and justice. Various programmes were supported to ensure space to discuss politics and make political decisions more inclusive.

Support continued for the East African Community-led inter-Burundian dialogue. In addition, the Netherlands contributed to the work of the Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy, which supported the strengthening of political parties’ capacity in Burundi, including more effective participation in political dialogue processes. Further support was provided for the promotion of political participation by women and youth. Space for public political debate was promoted through support for professional journalism.

Results

Indicator

Number of conflicts resolved by community structures

Score

178 conflicts resolved

Progress

On track

Enhanced community-level dialogue

In order to enhance dialogue in communities, the Netherlands supports Peace Clubs in Burundi. The purpose of each Peace Club is to prevent and mediate conflicts, and to facilitate people peacefully living together through education on peace, non-violence and citizenship. The Peace Club structure is composed of men and women of good reputation, representing a diversity of political and social backgrounds, putting in place mechanisms for reconciliation and peace building. They are characterised by values such as honesty, integrity and commitment to lasting peace among citizens.

178 conflicts resolved
Indicator

Number of media organisations supported

Score

6 organisations received support

Progress

On track

Increased professionalisation of Burundian media

Burundian media are essential as a source of information and a platform for debate. You often see Burundians with a small radio next to their ear, listening to the latest developments in their country. The Netherlands supported six major private media organisations by training their journalists, improving their internal management, providing editorial coaching and promoting collaboration and exchange between them.

6 media organisations received editorial support

Background and future Burundi

Background

The Netherlands’ programmes were extensively evaluated and some weaknesses and opportunities were identified across the programmes. It was concluded that the fragile context in Burundi underlines the importance of developing and implementing programmes which include elements that address conflict. Stronger links between the thematic programme areas were identified as an opportunity to increase results and impact.

Glimpse into the future

Continued efforts will be made to address (selected) drivers of conflict and violence, most notably:

high levels of food insecurity and malnutrition,

demographic development of the population,

persisting sexual and gender-based violence,

lack of prospects and employment for the younger generation,

limited voice and participation of the population.

Although trade and investment are still negligible, chances for private sector development and trade and investment with the involvement of Dutch businesses will be identified (taking the fragile situation into account). Because of the large numbers of non-educated, or educated but often unemployed, youth and the continued high levels of gender inequality, approaches will be pursued that will include all. This means addressing the advancement of the position and participation of women and youth, as well as returning refugees (where possible), given their specific vulnerability. Innovation and technology development are and will be stimulated across programmes.

Additional sources

Countries page on Dutch government site

Page on current policy towards Burundi

Facebook page

Follow the Embassy of Burundi on Facebook

Embassy of Burundi website

Visit the Embassy of Burundi website

Results Food security

Download PDF with results for Food security in Burundi

Results Sexual and reproductive health and rights

Download PDF with results for Sexual and reproductive health and rights in Burundi

Results Security and Rule of Law

Download PDF with results for Security and Rule of Law in Burundi

Expenditure by channel

Expenditure

Expenditure by theme

Expenditure