Since the political crisis in 2015, Burundi has faced political instability and economic slowdown. This has led to a lack of space for political dialogue, persistent human rights violations and reduced trust in the government among the population.
It has also impacted the socio-economic situation in the country. The level of poverty remains a concern, along with the sharp decline in national income, shortages of basic products and foreign currency, and reduced business activity.
The Netherlands contributes to reducing the effect of the main drivers of conflict in Burundi:
the impact of climate change and high levels of food insecurity and malnutrition;
high population growth and continued gender inequality and sexual and gender-based violence;
the lack of prospects and employment for the younger generation;
fragile political governance.
To achieve this, the focus has been on:
the empowerment of rural (farmer) families through agricultural and private sector development, which increases resilience;
the empowerment of women and youth by making sexual and reproductive health information, products and services widely available;
the development of skills for enhanced employment and income opportunities;
the enhancement of the voice and participation of Burundians at various levels of society, by supporting participation in dialogue with the government and reconciliation efforts.