Highlighted results

Strengthened nationwide judicial institutions to increase access to justice and the use of legal services with a special focus on women.

Strengthened Afghan government institutions for reconstruction and socio-economic development, as well as strengthening the Afghan security sector.

Strengthened capacity of Afghan government institutions for reconstruction and socio-economic development, strengthened resilience and resistance to natural disasters among communities

Executed and monitored programmes focused on addressing the root causes of migration and social development

Introduction

The ultimate goal of our policy for Afghanistan is to contribute to a self-reliant Afghanistan and to enable the country to become a safe, stable and well-governed nation. Dutch efforts focus on strengthening the rule of law; promoting security, peace and stability; social and economic development; women’s rights; tackling the root causes of irregular migration; and preventing Afghanistan from once again becoming a safe-haven for international terrorism.

Results 2018

In an international context, the Netherlands has contributed its fair share to support Afghanistan since 2002. As a result of internationally co-ordinated support to Afghanistan, school attendance has increased from 1 to 9.2 million children, of which 39% girls. Millions of Afghans can now access electricity and a quarter of a million teachers have graduated. Child mortality has fallen from 257 to 55 per 100,000 and, in general, women have a much better position in society than before 2002.

The first Afghan UN Youth Representative, Ramiz Bakhtiar, described the current situation in Afghanistan during his intervention at the UN Security Council on 17 September 2018: “One of Afghanistan’s biggest achievements is its new generation of activists, teachers, journalists, lawyers, political leaders, artists and youth who aspire to and work for a better Afghanistan.”

Results by theme

Security and Rule of Law

Security and Rule of Law

The results in context

Rule of Law

The objective of the Netherlands’ involvement in this theme is to strengthen nationwide judicial institutions to increase access to justice and the use of legal services with a special focus on women. Our partners in this field are IDLO, GIZ and The Asia Foundation.

Several projects have received support in recent years:

Kunduz Rule of Law II, by GIZ;Afghan Justice Institutions Strengthening, by IDLO;Improving justice for women, by GIZ

Through these projects, lawyers and other legal professionals were trained to improve their knowledge and become trainers themselves. The Afghan Independent Bar Association played an important role in the training programme.

As well as training legal professionals, attention was also paid to the beneficiaries of the legal system: Afghan citizens. Family Counselling Centres were established to provide (free of charge) legal counselling. In comparison to the previous year, twice as many cases were brought to the ‘Huquq’ department by women. This is a clear example of how the programme has contributed to an improvement in access to justice.

Security and Stability

The objective of the Netherlands’ involvement in this theme is to contribute to improved long-term security and stability in Afghanistan and the surrounding region, including an Afghan-led and Afghan-owned peace process.

In 2018, the Netherlands contributed EUR 7 million to the Afghan National Army Trust Fund. This multinational Trust Fund has four focus areas to improve the capacities of the Afghan National Army: literacy, capability building and standardisation, integrity building and women’s participation. In 2018, the Netherlands contributed to the modernisation of classrooms and teacher rooms at the Kabul Military High School, for example, as well as to the purchase of medical equipment and Electronic Countermeasures equipment (to better recognise Improvised Explosive Devices) for the ANDSF

Social Development

Social development and the improvement of livelihoods in Afghanistan are crucial to enhance the stability of Afghan society, in general, and to improve and sustain economic stability. Given the complex security situation and harsh natural conditions, including the impact of climate change, communities’ resilience and resistance to natural disasters needs to be strengthened.

While the Netherlands supports several activities on this theme, the largest financial contribution is made through the multi-donor trust fund Afghan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF), managed by the World Bank (WB).

Results

Indicator

Kunduz Rule of Law II project

Score

Progress

Progress, not on track

During the Kunduz Rule of Law II project (2015-2017). 498 lawyers (428 men and 70 women) were trained by the Afghan Independent Bar Association (AIBA) in Kunduz. Moreover, 258 individuals (182 men and 76 women) completed the exam for the Afghan Bar at AIBA in Kunduz. Even though the security situation in Kunduz deteriorated, the following targets were achieved:

Professionalisation of the Directorate of Justice (DoJ) and Huquqs

A training plan was adopted by the DoJ in Kunduz at the end of 2017.

In general, awareness of both men and women about their rights under secular law and Islamic law (Sharia) has improved in the province of Kunduz. In the three years that the project ran, 12 legal awareness campaigns were conducted. Approximately 930 citizens participated in these campaigns, of which 420 were female.

The target was a 30% increase in Afghan citizens seeking legal services provided by the formal justice institutions (Huquq) by the end of 2017. The indicator was well on track until late 2015. After that, however, many people became displaced due to armed clashes and were therefore not in a position to bring claims to the Huquq offices. As a result, the targeted 30% increase was not met.

Support to the Afghanistan Independent Bar Association (AIBA)

Between 2015 and 2017, 428 male lawyers and 70 female lawyers from Kunduz and the surrounding North-Eastern Provinces participated in training sessions.

A total of 182 male students attended the bar exam. Of these, 122 participants passed the exam. Due to the low number of female graduates from the law faculty, 76 female students attended the bar exam during the three-year project. Of the 76 students, 55 passed the exam.

During the three-year project period, 12 legal awareness campaigns were conducted. Approximately 930 citizens participated in these campaigns, of which 420 were female.

Support to the Legal Clinic at the Law Faculty of Kunduz University

In total, 93 male students were able to undertake an internship in Kunduz justice institutions (DoJ, DoWA, the Prosecutor’s Office, AIBA, CID of PHQ and the Primary Court).

In the Legal Clinic Programme, 79 female students participated from first to fourth class in the Law Faculty of Kunduz University.

A total of 95 students attending the Legal Clinic’s Legal Advice programme were able to work on real cases as well as training cases. Of the 95 students, four were female.

In order to sustain the results achieved, this Rule of Law project has been extended to four provinces for the period 2018-2021. In this follow-up phase, GIZ will work in partnership with The Asia Foundation.

498 lawyers (428 men and 70 women) were trained by the Afghan Independent Bar Association (AIBA) in Kunduz
Indicator

Afghan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF)

Score

Progress

On track

With an annual contribution of EUR 20 million, the Netherlands is one of the ARTF’s biggest supporters. Thanks in part to the Dutch support over the past 15 years:

1. The number of functioning health centres increased from 14% in 2002 to 87% in 2017. Partly as a result, infant mortality has fallen by 60%.

2. More than 28 million Afghans have gained access to improved basic services such as water, electricity and roads.

3. 9.3 million children (39% girls) currently receive primary education (compared to 800,000 in 2001, of whom almost no girls).

A new phase for the period 2018-2021 was approved in 2018 by the Dutch Embassy in Kabul for the total amount of EUR 60 million (EUR 20 million annually).

More than 28 million Afghans have gained access to improved basic services such as water, electricity and roads
Indicator

Development of agricultural livelihoods

Score

Progress

Not applicable

The Netherlands supports the development of agricultural livelihoods through activities managed by the World Food Program, Wageningen University (WUR) and the Aga Khan Foundation.

WUR has supported the National Agriculture Education Centre (NAEC) since 2011, in the form of capacity building and education in the agricultural sector. This long-term commitment has shown its effectiveness.

In the reporting period 2017-2018, 80% of incumbent teachers received training, 151 curricula were developed and 120 institutions were supported.

Despite the challenging conditions in Afghanistan, the project is achieving its objectives: a new curriculum has been developed and is being introduced in agricultural high schools. As the new curriculum is rolled out, the number of direct beneficiaries is rapidly increasing from several hundred at NAEC in Kabul to thousands across Afghanistan. With the support of the World Bank-funded Afghan Skills Development Program, the NAEC is now also expanding its efforts to agricultural TVET institutes. The secondary objective is to offer more opportunities to women. This objective is also being achieved within the project, supported by additional funding from USAID.

80% of incumbent teachers received training, 151 curricula were developed and 120 institutions were supported

Further information Afghanistan

Background

UN-Habitat programme in Bamiyan. This drainage system, made possible with Dutch support, was one of the projects requested by the local population. This project is one of the many ways support of the Netherlands is contributing to improving the daily lives of the Afghan population.

Additional sources

Results Security and Rule of Law

Download PDF with results for Security and Rule of Law in Afghanistan

Expenditure by channel

Expenditure

Expenditure by theme

Expenditure